Illinois' Indigenous Peoples: Histories of Checagou, Home of Black Hawk

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Click on this map to learn more about Illinois ceded lands to the U.S.

Illinois' Indigenous Peoples: Histories of Checagou, Home of Black Hawk is the Fall 2010 exhibit welcoming students and faculty back to NU's Government Information and Data Services Department (location map below - click to enlarge.)

Available for sale & downloading fromIL DNRHighlighting resources which document the lives of native Americans who both welcomed and battled European settlement from the 1600's until the Treaty of Chicago of 1833, the exhibit features the original Black Hawk - a man who found it impossible to live in the two worlds that were converging in one place; a place his people called Checagou.  A copy of his autobiography is held in NU Special Collections.  2000 Census Data on display includes, American Indian Business Ownership and Health statistics. The exhibit contains a booklet from the Illinois State Museum describing doll and cradleboard crafting as well as a modern book exploring the topic of "Indian" named sports teams, mascots and logos.

GovinfoSeveral custom maps were created including an image of the US Serial Set showing Ceded Lands of Native Tribes of Illinois, census data, and graphics which map the migration of many tribal nations to lands in Oklahoma.  The exhibit also features brochures from Evanston's Mitchell Museum of the American Indian (link).   Please stop by and explore our selections from the library's varied collection and get a glimpse into the histories of Illinois' Indigenous Peoples.

Also, please visit the American Indians Studies website to check out related events and courses offered at Northwestern!


  1. Aronson, J., M. Goldman, Phoenix/Bfa Films & Video. and United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1992. The divided trail a native american odyssey. New York, N.Y.: Phoenix Films,.
  2. Barnes, P.M., P.F. Adams, E. Powell-Griner and National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.). 2010. Health characteristics of the american indian or alaska native adult population : United states, 2004-2008 National health statistics reports. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
  3. Black Hawk. 1882. Autobiography of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak or Black Hawk. [Oquawka? Ill.: s.n.]  The copy is available from NU Library Special Collections; Also available from Google Books (1834 ed.)
  4. Coward, J.M. 1999. The newspaper indian : Native american identity in the press, 1820-90 The history of communication. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
  5. Garcés, V.G. and International Labour Office. 1946. Living conditions of the indigenous populations in american countries. Montreal,.
  6. Hauser, R.E. 1973. An ethnohistory of the illinois indian tribe, 1673-1832. Thesis (Ph D ), Northern Illinois University, 1973.
  7. Illinois Department of Natural Resources and Illinois State Museum. 2006.  Illinois Indians.  Springfield, Ill.: Dept of Natural Resources. Available for sale & for downloading from IL Dept of Natural Resources.
  8. Illinois State Museum. and J. Johnson. 1983. Native american dolls and cradleboards in the illinois state museum collection Handbook of collections,. Springfield, Ill.: The Museum.
  9. Illinois. Division of Historic Sites. 1978. Historic illinois, v. Springfield, IL: Illinois Dept. of Conservation, Division of Historic Sites.
  10. Jones, J.M. and Illinois State Museum. 1978. Native basketry of western north america : The condell collection of the illinois state museum Handbook of collections. Springfield: The Museum.
  11. King, C.R. and C.F. Springwood. 2001. Team spirits : The native american mascots controversy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
  12. Library of Congress., P. Frazier and Library of Congress. Publishing Office. 1996. Many nations : A library of congress resource guide for the study of indian and alaska native peoples of the united states Library of congress resource guide. Washington: Library of Congress. Full text also available from US ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) database
  13. Moorehead, W.K. and J.E. Kelly. 2000. The cahokia mounds Classics in southeastern archaeology. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
  14. Ogunwole, S.U. and U.S. Census Bureau. 2006. We the people american indians and alaska natives in the united states. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Census Bureau. Full text available from US Census & more information about American Indians & Alaska Native Population.
  15. Quaife, M.M. 1933. Checagou; from indian wigwam to modern city, 1673-1835. Chicago, Ill.,: The University of Chicago Press.
  16. Russell, J. B. F. 1835. Wanted for the removal of Indians. Chicago democrat Sept. 9, 1935, v. Chicago, Ill.: J. Calhoun.
  17. Smithsonian Institution. 1897. Eighteenth annual report of the bureau of american ethnology to the secretary of the smithsonian institution 1896-97. Washington: [s.n.]. Full text and maps available from Lexis Nexis Congressional database (NU members only. Maps are also available in color - ask us for more information.) Related websites: Library of Congress, Indian Land Cessions in the United States; National Park Service, Indian Land Cessions 1784 - 1894
  18. Sturtevant, W.C. 1978. Handbook of north american indians. Washington: Smithsonian Institution : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
  19. Tahushasha, W.T. and Illinois Commission on Human Relations. Education Services Dept. 1973. Bibliography on the native american experience. Chicago, Ill.: The Commission. Full text also available from US ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) database
  20. Temple, W.C. 1977. Indian villages of the illinois country : Historic tribes Illinois state museum scientific papers,. Springfield: Illinois State Museum.
  21. Tyler, S.L. 1973. A history of indian policy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. Available from NU Library. Full text is also available from US ERIC (Educational Resourced Information Center) database
  22. Wells, J. B. 1848. Resolutions of the legislature of illinois, in relation to the payment for depredations committed by the indians during the black hawk war. Washington: [s.n.]. Full text and maps available from Lexis Nexis Congressional database (NU members only.
Ann Aler, Chieko Maene and Sui Zhang
Curators of Illinois' Indigenous Peoples
Last updated: September 28, 2010